There are a number of festivals, holidays and other events celebrated in Florence each year. The main ones are listed below.January 1 : New Year's Day (Capodanno, national)
On New Year's Eve, Florence offers many activities: gourmet dinners, dances, lively markets, and Renaissance festivities.January 6 : Epiphany (Feast of Befana, national)
The feast of the Epiphany is celebrated in Florence with the traditional Ride of the Magi: an impressive procession across the city on horseback and in Renaissance costume. The witch Befana distributes candy to children who have been good and coal to those who have been bad.Mardi Gras : Carnival (national)
Spread over several weeks in February, the Carnival of Florence goes into full swing on the day of Mardi Gras. The public is invited to join the procession of colourfully costumed characters in the heart of the ‘City of the Red Lily'.Easter Sunday : Scoppio del Carro (local)
A musical procession accompanied by a costumed parade follows a carriage drawn by white oxen that is filled with fireworks up to Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral. At the end of the Easter Mass, the Archbishop launches a dove-shaped rocket onto the carriage, triggering a spectacular fireworks display.April 25 : Liberation Day (national)
To commemorate the end of World War II in Italy, celebrations and parades are held throughout the city.May 1 : Labour Day (national)
Artistic associations organise events in the historic centre of the city: performances, workshops, street theatre, and more.June 2 : Republic Day (national)
To commemorate the birth of the Italian Republic in 1946, celebrations, fireworks displays, parades and street dances are held all over Florence and other Italian cities.June 24 : Feast of Saint John (local)
On the anniversary of the birth of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of Florence, the city organises historical parades and games of Calcio Fiorentino (an ancestor of football, which is played in traditional medieval costume). In the evening, fireworks light up the city centre.August 10 : The Night of San Lorenzo (local)
The San Lorenzo district celebrates the birth of its patron saint with parades, street performances, traditional dances, lasagne and watermelon tastings, and more.August 15 : Ferragosto (national)
To celebrate the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, masses and processions are held in her honour in churches and streets throughout the historic centre.September 7 : Rificolona (local)
On the eve of the anniversary of the birth of the Virgin, rificolone (“lanterns” in Tuscan) illuminate the streets and windows of the city.November 1 : All Saint's Day (national)
On the eve of the anniversary of the birth of the Virgin, rificolone (“lanterns” in Tuscan) illuminate the streets and windows of the city.November 4 : National Unity and Armed Forces Day (national)
For this official commemoration of Italian reunification and the end of the First World War, military parades are held across the city.December 8 : Feast of the Immaculate Conception (national)
In honour of the Virgin Mary, the Piazza della Santissima Annunziata welcomes the Fierucola dell'Immacolata, a popular market for local crafts and organic products.December 25 : Christmas (national)
Don't miss the illuminated Christmas craft market in Piazza Santa Croce.December 26 : Santo Stefano (national)
Celebrate the birth of St. Stephen. Traditionally, Italians sit down to a large and festive meal with their families.
|Month||Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Average Rains (MM)||Best Time to Travel|
|January||2/35.6||10/50||62/2.4||Not the best period to go|
|February||4/39.2||11/51.8||66/2.6||Not the best period to go|
|March||6/42.8||14/57.2||70/2.8||Good period to go|
|April||9/48.2||18/64.4||67/2.6||Good period to go|
|May||12/53.6||23/73.4||68/2.6||Good period to go|
|June||16/60.8||27/80.6||56/2.2||Good period to go|
|July||18/64.4||31/87.8||43/1.7||Not the best period to go|
|August||18/64.4||30/86||66/2.6||Not the best period to go|
|September||15/59||26/78.8||72/2.8||Good period to go|
|October||12/53.6||21/69.8||86/3.4||Not the best period to go|
|November||7/44.6||14/57.2||107/4.2||Not the best period to go|
|December||4/39.2||10/50||81/3.2||Not the best period to go|
The Amerigo Vespucci-Peretola Florence airport is located about 4 kilometres (2.5 miles) northwest of the city centre of Florence.
It would be a shame to get around Florence only by car. Besides, most streets in the historic centre are restricted. Use buses and taxis—and walk, walk, walk!
Holders of most driving licenses are allowed to drive in Italy. If you live in Italy for a period exceeding two years, your license must be exchanged for an Italian license.
The historic centre of Florence is pedestrian-only.
Several areas of the city are ‘limited traffic zones' accessible only to residents. If you arrive in Florence by car, it is recommended that you leave your car at the airport parking.
For more information on restricted traffic zones: https://ztl.comune.fi.it/
The historic centre of the city is served by Ataf, an eco-minibus service with four different routes: A, B, C and D. An extensive bus network covers the rest of the city and its periphery, between 5:30 a.m.12:30 a.m. approximately.
Bus tickets cost EUR 1.50 and are valid for 1.5 hours, including connections. Other tickets available: 24-hours (EUR 5), 3 days (EUR 12), and 7 days (EUR 18). 24-hour family tickets (2 adults and 2 children) cost EUR 6.
Official taxis in the city are white. Tariffs are posted on the dashboard. Pick-up charges are EUR 3.30. Add EUR 1 per luggage.
Please note that you can't hail taxis in Florence: you have to go to a taxi stand. You can also book a taxi by phone (+39 055 4242 or +39 055 4390) or online (www.4242.it and www.4390.it ).
It costs around EUR 14 per day to rent a bike. There are many bike rental stations in Florence, including at Santa Maria Novella station.
The main station of Florence, Santa Maria Novella, is within walking distance of the tourist centre and serves the main stations in cities throughout the country. A trip to Rome Tiburtina train station costs between EUR 15 and 50, depending on schedules.
Upon your arrival in Florence, you can get in touch with local tourism professionals for further information and to help organize your stay.Florence Tourist Office
Offers practical information and useful recommendations (accommodation, restaurants, public transport, festivals, cultural events, etc.).
See your doctor before you travel. Florence counts several hospitals and medical institutions, as well as quality medical practitioners and health specialists. It is recommended that you obtain insurance covering health care expenses as well as medical evacuation or repatriation before you leave home.Vaccinations
No vaccinations are required to enter Italy. For more information, contact the Air France Vaccination Centre:
There are no food safety risks in Florence.Water
Tap water is safe to drink in Florence.
For a stay of less than three months, travellers from the Schengen area and various countries of the European Union need only be in possession of a national identity card or a passport valid for the duration of their stay in order to enter Italy.
As a general rule, all other travellers are subject to visa requirements, although citizens of some countries may enter Italy for a short stay of up to 90 days without a visa.
For further information, visit the website of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: vistoperitalia.esteri.it/home/en
Here are a few useful phrases in Italian for your stay in Florence:
Good evening: Buonasera
No, thanks: No, grazie
Thank you very much: Grazie mille
Please: Per favore
I don't understand: Io non capisco
Could you repeat ?: Potrebbe ripetere ?
What time is it ?: Che ora è ?
Excuse me: Mi scusi
Train station: Stazione
I'm (…): Sono (…).
I'm looking for (…): Sto cercando (…).
What is the price of (…)?: Quanto costa questo ?
Do you have (…)?: Ha (…)
Where can I find (…)?: Dove posso trovare (…)?
Where can I buy (…)?: Dove posso comprare (…)?
I would like (…): Vorrei (…)
Tipping is often included in the bill, under the header “servizio” (service). However, you can leave a tip if you've been pleased with the service. In the bill, you will sometimes find the header “pane e coperto” (bread and cutlery) which corresponds to bread and setting. Make sure the price includes tip and setting.